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cypher.cxx

/*
 * cypher.cxx
 *
 * Encryption support classes.
 *
 * Portable Windows Library
 *
 * Copyright (c) 1993-2002 Equivalence Pty. Ltd.
 *
 * The contents of this file are subject to the Mozilla Public License
 * Version 1.0 (the "License"); you may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.mozilla.org/MPL/
 *
 * Software distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS"
 * basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, either express or implied. See
 * the License for the specific language governing rights and limitations
 * under the License.
 *
 * The Original Code is Portable Windows Library.
 *
 * The Initial Developer of the Original Code is Equivalence Pty. Ltd.
 *
 * Contributor(s): ______________________________________.
 *
 * $Log: cypher.cxx,v $
 * Revision 1.47  2005/01/26 05:37:57  csoutheren
 * Added ability to remove config file support
 *
 * Revision 1.46  2004/07/06 10:12:52  csoutheren
 * Added static integer o factory template to assist in ensuring factories are instantiated
 *
 * Revision 1.45  2004/06/29 12:22:22  rjongbloed
 * Fixed incorrect usage of result (now object rather than scalar), thanks Michal Zygmuntowicz
 *
 * Revision 1.44  2004/04/09 06:52:17  rjongbloed
 * Removed #pargma linker command for /delayload of DLL as documentations sais that
 *   you cannot do this.
 *
 * Revision 1.43  2004/04/03 23:53:09  csoutheren
 * Added various changes to improce compatibility with the Sun Forte compiler
 *   Thanks to Brian Cameron
 * Added detection of readdir_r version
 *
 * Revision 1.42  2004/03/23 05:59:17  csoutheren
 * Moved the Base64 routines into cypher.cxx, which is a more sensible
 * place and reduces the inclusion of unrelated code
 *
 * Revision 1.41  2004/03/14 10:03:47  rjongbloed
 * Fixed "security patch" that cleared entire object (including the vtable!) isntead of
 *   clearing the "sensitive" information it was supposed to clear.
 *
 * Revision 1.40  2004/03/02 12:08:27  rjongbloed
 * Added missing pragmas to automatically include libraries for OpenSSL
 *
 * Revision 1.39  2004/02/23 23:52:19  csoutheren
 * Added pragmas to avoid every Windows application needing to include libs explicitly
 *
 * Revision 1.38  2003/04/27 23:52:57  craigs
 * Fixed problem with SHA1 not calling Start
 *
 * Revision 1.37  2003/04/17 12:12:59  robertj
 * Added windows library inclusion for optional openssl.
 *
 * Revision 1.36  2003/04/17 07:34:46  robertj
 * Fixed correct test for P_SSL
 *
 * Revision 1.35  2003/04/17 01:21:55  craigs
 * Fixed problem with delete'ing a void *
 *
 * Revision 1.33  2003/04/10 07:14:27  craigs
 * Fixed link problem in MD5 class
 *
 * Revision 1.32  2003/04/10 06:16:09  craigs
 * Added SHA-1 digest
 *
 * Revision 1.31  2002/11/06 22:47:24  robertj
 * Fixed header comment (copyright etc)
 *
 * Revision 1.30  2002/06/05 12:29:15  craigs
 * Changes for gcc 3.1
 *
 * Revision 1.29  2001/03/01 03:55:59  robertj
 * Fixed MSVC warnings.
 *
 * Revision 1.28  2001/02/28 21:10:47  craigs
 * Fixed problem in Decode function
 * Added randomizer to fill data in Decode
 *
 * Revision 1.27  2000/02/17 12:05:02  robertj
 * Added better random number generator after finding major flaws in MSVCRT version.
 *
 * Revision 1.26  1998/11/30 04:50:45  robertj
 * New directory structure
 *
 * Revision 1.25  1998/09/23 06:21:56  robertj
 * Added open source copyright license.
 *
 * Revision 1.24  1998/07/24 06:58:13  robertj
 * Improved robustness of encrypted data decoding, error on illegal tail block size.
 *
 * Revision 1.23  1998/02/16 00:14:36  robertj
 * Fixed ability to register in one stage instead of always having to use 2.
 *
 * Revision 1.22  1998/01/26 02:49:14  robertj
 * GNU support.
 *
 * Revision 1.21  1997/10/30 10:19:19  robertj
 * Fixed bug with having empty string in encrypted text.
 *
 * Revision 1.20  1997/10/10 10:43:41  robertj
 * Fixed bug in password encryption, missing string terminator.
 *
 * Revision 1.19  1997/08/04 10:39:53  robertj
 * Fixed bug for decoding empty string.
 *
 * Revision 1.18  1997/07/26 11:35:38  robertj
 * Fixed bug where illegal data errors were not propagated.
 *
 * Revision 1.17  1996/11/16 10:50:26  robertj
 * ??
 *
 * Revision 1.16  1996/08/17 09:56:02  robertj
 * Fixed big endian processor platform conformance.
 *
 * Revision 1.15  1996/07/15 10:33:42  robertj
 * Changed memory block base64 conversion functions to be void *.
 * Changed memory block cypher conversion functions to be void *.
 * Changed endian classes to be memory mapped.
 *
 * Revision 1.14  1996/06/18 12:35:49  robertj
 * Fixed bug in registration when language is not English.
 *
 * Revision 1.13  1996/06/10 10:01:23  robertj
 * Fixed bug in getting cypher key, not copying all the bytes.
 *
 * Revision 1.12  1996/05/26 03:46:31  robertj
 * Compatibility to GNU 2.7.x
 *
 * Revision 1.11  1996/04/09 03:32:45  robertj
 * Fixed bug in registration so now works in time zones other than Eastern Australia.
 *
 * Revision 1.11  1996/04/08 05:18:38  robertj
 * Fixed bug in registering programs in a different time zone.
 *
 * Revision 1.10  1996/03/17 05:47:19  robertj
 * Changed secured config to allow for expiry dates.
 *
 * Revision 1.9  1996/03/16 04:37:20  robertj
 * Redesign of secure config to accommodate expiry dates and option values passed in security key code.
 *
 * Revision 1.8  1996/03/11 10:28:53  robertj
 * Fixed bug in C++ optimising compiler.
 *
 * Revision 1.7  1996/03/02 03:20:52  robertj
 * Fixed secured config parameters so leading/trailing blanks not significant.
 *
 * Revision 1.6  1996/02/25 11:22:42  robertj
 * Added assertion if try and SetValidation when not pending.
 *
 * Revision 1.5  1996/02/25 02:53:05  robertj
 * Further secure config development.
 *
 * Revision 1.4  1996/02/15 14:43:28  robertj
 * Allowed no secured config data at all to be "valid". All vars will then be guarenteed to default.
 *
 * Revision 1.3  1996/01/28 14:14:12  robertj
 * Further implementation of secure config.
 *
 * Revision 1.2  1996/01/28 02:49:00  robertj
 * Removal of MemoryPointer classes as usage didn't work for GNU.
 * Added the secure configuration mechanism for protecting applications.
 *
 * Revision 1.1  1996/01/23 13:05:58  robertj
 * Initial revision
 *
 */

#ifdef __GNUC__
#pragma implementation "cypher.h"
#endif

#define P_DISABLE_FACTORY_INSTANCES

#include <ptlib.h>
#include <ptclib/cypher.h>
#include <ptclib/mime.h>
#include <ptclib/random.h>



///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// PBase64

00195 PBase64::PBase64()
{
  StartEncoding();
  StartDecoding();
}


void PBase64::StartEncoding(BOOL useCRLF)
{
  encodedString = "";
  encodeLength = nextLine = saveCount = 0;
  useCRLFs = useCRLF;
}


void PBase64::ProcessEncoding(const PString & str)
{
  ProcessEncoding((const char *)str);
}


void PBase64::ProcessEncoding(const char * cstr)
{
  ProcessEncoding((const BYTE *)cstr, strlen(cstr));
}


void PBase64::ProcessEncoding(const PBYTEArray & data)
{
  ProcessEncoding(data, data.GetSize());
}


static const char Binary2Base64[65] =
            "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";

void PBase64::OutputBase64(const BYTE * data)
{
  char * out = encodedString.GetPointer(((encodeLength+7)&~255) + 256);

  out[encodeLength++] = Binary2Base64[data[0] >> 2];
  out[encodeLength++] = Binary2Base64[((data[0]&3)<<4) | (data[1]>>4)];
  out[encodeLength++] = Binary2Base64[((data[1]&15)<<2) | (data[2]>>6)];
  out[encodeLength++] = Binary2Base64[data[2]&0x3f];

  if (++nextLine > 18) { // 76 columns
    if (useCRLFs)
      out[encodeLength++] = '\r';
    out[encodeLength++] = '\n';
    nextLine = 0;
  }
}


void PBase64::ProcessEncoding(const void * dataPtr, PINDEX length)
{
  if (length == 0)
    return;

  const BYTE * data = (const BYTE *)dataPtr;
  while (saveCount < 3) {
    saveTriple[saveCount++] = *data++;
    if (--length == 0)
      return;
  }

  OutputBase64(saveTriple);

  PINDEX i;
  for (i = 0; i+2 < length; i += 3)
    OutputBase64(data+i);

  saveCount = length - i;
  switch (saveCount) {
    case 2 :
      saveTriple[0] = data[i++];
      saveTriple[1] = data[i];
      break;
    case 1 :
      saveTriple[0] = data[i];
  }
}


00279 PString PBase64::GetEncodedString()
{
  PString retval = encodedString;
  encodedString = "";
  encodeLength = 0;
  return retval;
}


00288 PString PBase64::CompleteEncoding()
{
  char * out = encodedString.GetPointer(encodeLength + 5)+encodeLength;

  switch (saveCount) {
    case 1 :
      *out++ = Binary2Base64[saveTriple[0] >> 2];
      *out++ = Binary2Base64[(saveTriple[0]&3)<<4];
      *out++ = '=';
      *out   = '=';
      break;

    case 2 :
      *out++ = Binary2Base64[saveTriple[0] >> 2];
      *out++ = Binary2Base64[((saveTriple[0]&3)<<4) | (saveTriple[1]>>4)];
      *out++ = Binary2Base64[((saveTriple[1]&15)<<2)];
      *out   = '=';
  }

  return encodedString;
}


PString PBase64::Encode(const PString & str)
{
  return Encode((const char *)str);
}


PString PBase64::Encode(const char * cstr)
{
  return Encode((const BYTE *)cstr, strlen(cstr));
}


PString PBase64::Encode(const PBYTEArray & data)
{
  return Encode(data, data.GetSize());
}


PString PBase64::Encode(const void * data, PINDEX length)
{
  PBase64 encoder;
  encoder.ProcessEncoding(data, length);
  return encoder.CompleteEncoding();
}


void PBase64::StartDecoding()
{
  perfectDecode = TRUE;
  quadPosition = 0;
  decodedData.SetSize(0);
  decodeSize = 0;
}


00346 BOOL PBase64::ProcessDecoding(const PString & str)
{
  return ProcessDecoding((const char *)str);
}


BOOL PBase64::ProcessDecoding(const char * cstr)
{
  static const BYTE Base642Binary[256] = {
    96, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 98, 99, 99, 98, 99, 99,
    99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
    99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 62, 99, 99, 99, 63,
    52, 53, 54, 55, 56, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 99, 99, 99, 97, 99, 99,
    99,  0,  1,  2,  3,  4,  5,  6,  7,  8,  9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14,
    15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
    99, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30, 31, 32, 33, 34, 35, 36, 37, 38, 39, 40,
    41, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
    99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
    99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
    99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
    99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
    99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
    99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
    99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99,
    99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99, 99
  };

  for (;;) {
    BYTE value = Base642Binary[(BYTE)*cstr++];
    switch (value) {
      case 96 : // end of string
        return FALSE;

      case 97 : // '=' sign
        if (quadPosition == 3 || (quadPosition == 2 && *cstr == '=')) {
          quadPosition = 0;  // Reset this to zero, as have a perfect decode
          return TRUE; // Stop decoding now as must be at end of data
        }
        perfectDecode = FALSE;  // Ignore '=' sign but flag decode as suspect
        break;

      case 98 : // CRLFs
        break;  // Ignore totally

      case 99 :  // Illegal characters
        perfectDecode = FALSE;  // Ignore rubbish but flag decode as suspect
        break;

      default : // legal value from 0 to 63
        BYTE * out = decodedData.GetPointer(((decodeSize+1)&~255) + 256);
        switch (quadPosition) {
          case 0 :
            out[decodeSize] = (BYTE)(value << 2);
            break;
          case 1 :
            out[decodeSize++] |= (BYTE)(value >> 4);
            out[decodeSize] = (BYTE)((value&15) << 4);
            break;
          case 2 :
            out[decodeSize++] |= (BYTE)(value >> 2);
            out[decodeSize] = (BYTE)((value&3) << 6);
            break;
          case 3 :
            out[decodeSize++] |= (BYTE)value;
            break;
        }
        quadPosition = (quadPosition+1)&3;
    }
  }
}


PBYTEArray PBase64::GetDecodedData()
{
  perfectDecode = quadPosition == 0;
  decodedData.SetSize(decodeSize);
  PBYTEArray retval = decodedData;
  retval.MakeUnique();
  decodedData.SetSize(0);
  decodeSize = 0;
  return retval;
}


00430 BOOL PBase64::GetDecodedData(void * dataBlock, PINDEX length)
{
  perfectDecode = quadPosition == 0;
  BOOL bigEnough = length >= decodeSize;
  memcpy(dataBlock, decodedData, bigEnough ? decodeSize : length);
  decodedData.SetSize(0);
  decodeSize = 0;
  return bigEnough;
}


00441 PString PBase64::Decode(const PString & str)
{
  PBYTEArray data;
  Decode(str, data);
  return PString((const char *)(const BYTE *)data, data.GetSize());
}


BOOL PBase64::Decode(const PString & str, PBYTEArray & data)
{
  PBase64 decoder;
  decoder.ProcessDecoding(str);
  data = decoder.GetDecodedData();
  return decoder.IsDecodeOK();
}


BOOL PBase64::Decode(const PString & str, void * dataBlock, PINDEX length)
{
  PBase64 decoder;
  decoder.ProcessDecoding(str);
  return decoder.GetDecodedData(dataBlock, length);
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// PMessageDigest

PMessageDigest::PMessageDigest()
{
}

void PMessageDigest::Process(const PString & str)
{
  Process((const char *)str);
}


void PMessageDigest::Process(const char * cstr)
{
  Process(cstr, strlen(cstr));
}


void PMessageDigest::Process(const PBYTEArray & data)
{
  Process(data, data.GetSize());
}

void PMessageDigest::Process(const void * dataBlock, PINDEX length)
{
  InternalProcess(dataBlock, length);
}

PString PMessageDigest::CompleteDigest()
{
  Result result;
  CompleteDigest(result);
  return PBase64::Encode(result.GetPointer(), result.GetSize());
}

void PMessageDigest::CompleteDigest(Result & result)
{
  InternalCompleteDigest(result);
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// PMessageDigest5

00511 PMessageDigest5::PMessageDigest5()
{
  Start();
}


// Constants for MD5Transform routine.
#define S11 7
#define S12 12
#define S13 17
#define S14 22
#define S21 5
#define S22 9
#define S23 14
#define S24 20
#define S31 4
#define S32 11
#define S33 16
#define S34 23
#define S41 6
#define S42 10
#define S43 15
#define S44 21

// F, G, H and I are basic MD5 functions.
#define F(x, y, z) (((x) & (y)) | ((~x) & (z)))
#define G(x, y, z) (((x) & (z)) | ((y) & (~z)))
#define H(x, y, z) ((x) ^ (y) ^ (z))
#define I(x, y, z) ((y) ^ ((x) | (~z)))

// ROTATE_LEFT rotates x left n bits.
#define ROTATE_LEFT(x, n) (((x) << (n)) | ((x) >> (32-(n))))

// FF, GG, HH, and II transformations for rounds 1, 2, 3, and 4.
// Rotation is separate from addition to prevent recomputation.
#define FF(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) \
 (a) += F ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + (DWORD)(ac); \
 (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); \
 (a) += (b); \

#define GG(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) \
 (a) += G ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + (DWORD)(ac); \
 (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); \
 (a) += (b); \

#define HH(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) \
 (a) += H ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + (DWORD)(ac); \
 (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); \
 (a) += (b); \

#define II(a, b, c, d, x, s, ac) \
 (a) += I ((b), (c), (d)) + (x) + (DWORD)(ac); \
 (a) = ROTATE_LEFT ((a), (s)); \
 (a) += (b); \


void PMessageDigest5::Transform(const BYTE * block)
{
  DWORD a = state[0];
  DWORD b = state[1];
  DWORD c = state[2];
  DWORD d = state[3];

  DWORD x[16];
  for (PINDEX i = 0; i < 16; i++)
    x[i] = ((PUInt32l*)block)[i];

  /* Round 1 */
  FF(a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S11, 0xd76aa478); /* 1 */
  FF(d, a, b, c, x[ 1], S12, 0xe8c7b756); /* 2 */
  FF(c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S13, 0x242070db); /* 3 */
  FF(b, c, d, a, x[ 3], S14, 0xc1bdceee); /* 4 */
  FF(a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S11, 0xf57c0faf); /* 5 */
  FF(d, a, b, c, x[ 5], S12, 0x4787c62a); /* 6 */
  FF(c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S13, 0xa8304613); /* 7 */
  FF(b, c, d, a, x[ 7], S14, 0xfd469501); /* 8 */
  FF(a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S11, 0x698098d8); /* 9 */
  FF(d, a, b, c, x[ 9], S12, 0x8b44f7af); /* 10 */
  FF(c, d, a, b, x[10], S13, 0xffff5bb1); /* 11 */
  FF(b, c, d, a, x[11], S14, 0x895cd7be); /* 12 */
  FF(a, b, c, d, x[12], S11, 0x6b901122); /* 13 */
  FF(d, a, b, c, x[13], S12, 0xfd987193); /* 14 */
  FF(c, d, a, b, x[14], S13, 0xa679438e); /* 15 */
  FF(b, c, d, a, x[15], S14, 0x49b40821); /* 16 */

 /* Round 2 */
  GG(a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S21, 0xf61e2562); /* 17 */
  GG(d, a, b, c, x[ 6], S22, 0xc040b340); /* 18 */
  GG(c, d, a, b, x[11], S23, 0x265e5a51); /* 19 */
  GG(b, c, d, a, x[ 0], S24, 0xe9b6c7aa); /* 20 */
  GG(a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S21, 0xd62f105d); /* 21 */
  GG(d, a, b, c, x[10], S22,  0x2441453); /* 22 */
  GG(c, d, a, b, x[15], S23, 0xd8a1e681); /* 23 */
  GG(b, c, d, a, x[ 4], S24, 0xe7d3fbc8); /* 24 */
  GG(a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S21, 0x21e1cde6); /* 25 */
  GG(d, a, b, c, x[14], S22, 0xc33707d6); /* 26 */
  GG(c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S23, 0xf4d50d87); /* 27 */
  GG(b, c, d, a, x[ 8], S24, 0x455a14ed); /* 28 */
  GG(a, b, c, d, x[13], S21, 0xa9e3e905); /* 29 */
  GG(d, a, b, c, x[ 2], S22, 0xfcefa3f8); /* 30 */
  GG(c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S23, 0x676f02d9); /* 31 */
  GG(b, c, d, a, x[12], S24, 0x8d2a4c8a); /* 32 */

  /* Round 3 */
  HH(a, b, c, d, x[ 5], S31, 0xfffa3942); /* 33 */
  HH(d, a, b, c, x[ 8], S32, 0x8771f681); /* 34 */
  HH(c, d, a, b, x[11], S33, 0x6d9d6122); /* 35 */
  HH(b, c, d, a, x[14], S34, 0xfde5380c); /* 36 */
  HH(a, b, c, d, x[ 1], S31, 0xa4beea44); /* 37 */
  HH(d, a, b, c, x[ 4], S32, 0x4bdecfa9); /* 38 */
  HH(c, d, a, b, x[ 7], S33, 0xf6bb4b60); /* 39 */
  HH(b, c, d, a, x[10], S34, 0xbebfbc70); /* 40 */
  HH(a, b, c, d, x[13], S31, 0x289b7ec6); /* 41 */
  HH(d, a, b, c, x[ 0], S32, 0xeaa127fa); /* 42 */
  HH(c, d, a, b, x[ 3], S33, 0xd4ef3085); /* 43 */
  HH(b, c, d, a, x[ 6], S34,  0x4881d05); /* 44 */
  HH(a, b, c, d, x[ 9], S31, 0xd9d4d039); /* 45 */
  HH(d, a, b, c, x[12], S32, 0xe6db99e5); /* 46 */
  HH(c, d, a, b, x[15], S33, 0x1fa27cf8); /* 47 */
  HH(b, c, d, a, x[ 2], S34, 0xc4ac5665); /* 48 */

  /* Round 4 */
  II(a, b, c, d, x[ 0], S41, 0xf4292244); /* 49 */
  II(d, a, b, c, x[ 7], S42, 0x432aff97); /* 50 */
  II(c, d, a, b, x[14], S43, 0xab9423a7); /* 51 */
  II(b, c, d, a, x[ 5], S44, 0xfc93a039); /* 52 */
  II(a, b, c, d, x[12], S41, 0x655b59c3); /* 53 */
  II(d, a, b, c, x[ 3], S42, 0x8f0ccc92); /* 54 */
  II(c, d, a, b, x[10], S43, 0xffeff47d); /* 55 */
  II(b, c, d, a, x[ 1], S44, 0x85845dd1); /* 56 */
  II(a, b, c, d, x[ 8], S41, 0x6fa87e4f); /* 57 */
  II(d, a, b, c, x[15], S42, 0xfe2ce6e0); /* 58 */
  II(c, d, a, b, x[ 6], S43, 0xa3014314); /* 59 */
  II(b, c, d, a, x[13], S44, 0x4e0811a1); /* 60 */
  II(a, b, c, d, x[ 4], S41, 0xf7537e82); /* 61 */
  II(d, a, b, c, x[11], S42, 0xbd3af235); /* 62 */
  II(c, d, a, b, x[ 2], S43, 0x2ad7d2bb); /* 63 */
  II(b, c, d, a, x[ 9], S44, 0xeb86d391); /* 64 */

  state[0] += a;
  state[1] += b;
  state[2] += c;
  state[3] += d;

  // Zeroize sensitive information.
  memset(x, 0, sizeof(x));
}


00660 void PMessageDigest5::Start()
{
  // Load magic initialization constants.
  state[0] = 0x67452301;
  state[1] = 0xefcdab89;
  state[2] = 0x98badcfe;
  state[3] = 0x10325476;

  count = 0;
}

00671 void PMessageDigest5::InternalProcess(const void * dataPtr, PINDEX length)
{
  const BYTE * data = (const BYTE *)dataPtr;

  // Compute number of bytes mod 64
  PINDEX index = (PINDEX)((count >> 3) & 0x3F);
  PINDEX partLen = 64 - index;

  // Update number of bits
  count += (PUInt64)length << 3;

  // See if have a buffer full
  PINDEX i;
  if (length < partLen)
    i = 0;
  else {
    // Transform as many times as possible.
    memcpy(&buffer[index], data, partLen);
    Transform(buffer);
    for (i = partLen; i + 63 < length; i += 64)
      Transform(&data[i]);
    index = 0;
  }

  // Buffer remaining input
  memcpy(&buffer[index], &data[i], length-i);
}


00700 void PMessageDigest5::InternalCompleteDigest(Result & result)
{
  // Put the count into bytes platform independently
  PUInt64l countBytes = count;

  // Pad out to 56 mod 64.
  PINDEX index = (PINDEX)((count >> 3) & 0x3f);
  PINDEX padLen = (index < 56) ? (56 - index) : (120 - index);
  static BYTE const padding[64] = {
    0x80, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0,
    0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0, 0
  };
  Process(padding, padLen);

  // Append length
  Process(&countBytes, sizeof(countBytes));

  // Store state in digest
  PUInt32l * valuep = (PUInt32l *)result.value.GetPointer(4 * sizeof(PUInt32l));
  for (PINDEX i = 0; i < PARRAYSIZE(state); i++)
    valuep[i] = state[i];

  // Zeroize sensitive information.
  memset(buffer, 0, sizeof(buffer));
  memset(state, 0, sizeof(state));
}


00729 PString PMessageDigest5::Encode(const PString & str)
{
  return Encode((const char *)str);
}


00735 void PMessageDigest5::Encode(const PString & str, Result & result)
{
  Encode((const char *)str, result);
}


00741 PString PMessageDigest5::Encode(const char * cstr)
{
  return Encode((const BYTE *)cstr, strlen(cstr));
}


00747 void PMessageDigest5::Encode(const char * cstr, Result & result)
{
  Encode((const BYTE *)cstr, strlen(cstr), result);
}


00753 PString PMessageDigest5::Encode(const PBYTEArray & data)
{
  return Encode(data, data.GetSize());
}


00759 void PMessageDigest5::Encode(const PBYTEArray & data, Result & result)
{
  Encode(data, data.GetSize(), result);
}


00765 PString PMessageDigest5::Encode(const void * data, PINDEX length)
{
  Result result;
  Encode(data, length, result);
  return PBase64::Encode(result.GetPointer(), result.GetSize());
}


00773 void PMessageDigest5::Encode(const void * data, PINDEX len, Result & result)
{
  PMessageDigest5 stomach;
  stomach.Process(data, len);
  stomach.CompleteDigest(result);
}

////  backwards compatability functions

00782 void PMessageDigest5::Encode(const PString & str, Code & result)
{
  Encode((const char *)str, result);
}

00787 void PMessageDigest5::Encode(const char * cstr, Code & result)
{
  Encode((const BYTE *)cstr, strlen(cstr), result);
}

00792 void PMessageDigest5::Encode(const PBYTEArray & data, Code & result)
{
  Encode(data, data.GetSize(), result);
}

00797 void PMessageDigest5::Encode(const void * data, PINDEX len, Code & codeResult)
{
  PMessageDigest5 stomach;
  stomach.Process(data, len);
  stomach.Complete(codeResult);
}

PString PMessageDigest5::Complete()
{
  Code result;
  Complete(result);
  return PBase64::Encode(&result, sizeof(result));
}

00811 void PMessageDigest5::Complete(Code & codeResult)
{
  Result result;
  InternalCompleteDigest(result);
  memcpy(codeResult.value, result.GetPointer(), sizeof(codeResult.value));
}

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// PMessageDigestSHA1

#if P_SSL

#include <openssl/sha.h>

#ifdef _MSC_VER

#pragma comment(lib, P_SSL_LIB1)
#pragma comment(lib, P_SSL_LIB2)

#endif


PMessageDigestSHA1::PMessageDigestSHA1()
{
  shaContext = NULL;
  Start();
}

PMessageDigestSHA1::~PMessageDigestSHA1()
{
  delete (SHA_CTX *)shaContext;
}

void PMessageDigestSHA1::Start()
{
  delete (SHA_CTX *)shaContext;
  shaContext = new SHA_CTX;

  SHA1_Init((SHA_CTX *)shaContext);
}

void PMessageDigestSHA1::InternalProcess(const void * data, PINDEX len)
{
  if (shaContext == NULL)
    return;

  SHA1_Update((SHA_CTX *)shaContext, data, (unsigned long)len);
}

void PMessageDigestSHA1::InternalCompleteDigest(Result & result)
{
  if (shaContext == NULL)
    return;

  SHA1_Final(result.value.GetPointer(20), (SHA_CTX *)shaContext);
  delete ((SHA_CTX *)shaContext);
  shaContext = NULL;
}


PString PMessageDigestSHA1::Encode(const PString & str)
{
  return Encode((const char *)str);
}


void PMessageDigestSHA1::Encode(const PString & str, Result & result)
{
  Encode((const char *)str, result);
}


PString PMessageDigestSHA1::Encode(const char * cstr)
{
  return Encode((const BYTE *)cstr, strlen(cstr));
}


void PMessageDigestSHA1::Encode(const char * cstr, Result & result)
{
  Encode((const BYTE *)cstr, strlen(cstr), result);
}


PString PMessageDigestSHA1::Encode(const PBYTEArray & data)
{
  return Encode(data, data.GetSize());
}


void PMessageDigestSHA1::Encode(const PBYTEArray & data, Result & result)
{
  Encode(data, data.GetSize(), result);
}


PString PMessageDigestSHA1::Encode(const void * data, PINDEX length)
{
  Result result;
  Encode(data, length, result);
  return PBase64::Encode(result.GetPointer(), result.GetSize());
}


void PMessageDigestSHA1::Encode(const void * data, PINDEX len, Result & result)
{
  PMessageDigestSHA1 stomach;
  stomach.Process(data, len);
  stomach.CompleteDigest(result);
}

#endif

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// PCypher

00927 PCypher::PCypher(PINDEX blkSize, BlockChainMode mode)
  : blockSize(blkSize),
    chainMode(mode)
{
}


00934 PCypher::PCypher(const void * keyData, PINDEX keyLength,
                 PINDEX blkSize, BlockChainMode mode)
  : key((const BYTE *)keyData, keyLength),
    blockSize(blkSize),
    chainMode(mode)
{
}


00943 PString PCypher::Encode(const PString & str)
{
  return Encode((const char *)str, str.GetLength());
}


00949 PString PCypher::Encode(const PBYTEArray & clear)
{
  return Encode((const BYTE *)clear, clear.GetSize());
}


00955 PString PCypher::Encode(const void * data, PINDEX length)
{
  PBYTEArray coded;
  Encode(data, length, coded);
  return PBase64::Encode(coded);
}


00963 void PCypher::Encode(const PBYTEArray & clear, PBYTEArray & coded)
{
  Encode((const BYTE *)clear, clear.GetSize(), coded);
}


00969 void PCypher::Encode(const void * data, PINDEX length, PBYTEArray & coded)
{
  PAssert((blockSize%8) == 0, PUnsupportedFeature);

  Initialise(TRUE);

  const BYTE * in = (const BYTE *)data;
  BYTE * out = coded.GetPointer(
                      blockSize > 1 ? (length/blockSize+1)*blockSize : length);

  while (length >= blockSize) {
    EncodeBlock(in, out);
    in += blockSize;
    out += blockSize;
    length -= blockSize;
  }

  if (blockSize > 1) {
    PBYTEArray extra(blockSize);
    PINDEX i;
    for (i = 0; i < length; i++)
      extra[i] = *in++;
    PTime now;
    PRandom rand((DWORD)now.GetTimestamp());
    for (; i < blockSize-1; i++)
      extra[i] = (BYTE)rand.Generate();
    extra[blockSize-1] = (BYTE)length;
    EncodeBlock(extra, out);
  }
}


01001 PString PCypher::Decode(const PString & cypher)
{
  PString clear;
  if (Decode(cypher, clear))
    return clear;
  return PString();
}


01010 BOOL PCypher::Decode(const PString & cypher, PString & clear)
{
  clear = PString();

  PBYTEArray clearText;
  if (!Decode(cypher, clearText))
    return FALSE;

  if (clearText.IsEmpty())
    return TRUE;

  PINDEX sz = clearText.GetSize();
  memcpy(clear.GetPointer(sz+1), (const BYTE *)clearText, sz);
  return TRUE;
}


01027 BOOL PCypher::Decode(const PString & cypher, PBYTEArray & clear)
{
  PBYTEArray coded;
  if (!PBase64::Decode(cypher, coded))
    return FALSE;
  return Decode(coded, clear);
}


01036 PINDEX PCypher::Decode(const PString & cypher, void * data, PINDEX length)
{
  PBYTEArray coded;
  PBase64::Decode(cypher, coded);
  PBYTEArray clear;
  if (!Decode(coded, clear))
    return 0;
  memcpy(data, clear, PMIN(length, clear.GetSize()));
  return clear.GetSize();
}


01048 PINDEX PCypher::Decode(const PBYTEArray & coded, void * data, PINDEX length)
{
  PBYTEArray clear;
  if (!Decode(coded, clear))
    return 0;
  memcpy(data, clear, PMIN(length, clear.GetSize()));
  return clear.GetSize();
}


01058 BOOL PCypher::Decode(const PBYTEArray & coded, PBYTEArray & clear)
{
  PAssert((blockSize%8) == 0, PUnsupportedFeature);
  if (coded.IsEmpty() || (coded.GetSize()%blockSize) != 0)
    return FALSE;

  Initialise(FALSE);

  const BYTE * in = coded;
  PINDEX length = coded.GetSize();
  BYTE * out = clear.GetPointer(length);

  for (PINDEX count = 0; count < length; count += blockSize) {
    DecodeBlock(in, out);
    in += blockSize;
    out += blockSize;
  }

  if (blockSize != 1) {
    if (*--out >= blockSize)
      return FALSE;
    clear.SetSize(length - blockSize + *out);
  }

  return TRUE;
}



///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// PTEACypher

01090 PTEACypher::PTEACypher(BlockChainMode chainMode)
  : PCypher(8, chainMode)
{
  GenerateKey(*(Key*)key.GetPointer(sizeof(Key)));
}


01097 PTEACypher::PTEACypher(const Key & keyData, BlockChainMode chainMode)
  : PCypher(&keyData, sizeof(Key), 8, chainMode)
{
}


01103 void PTEACypher::SetKey(const Key & newKey)
{
  memcpy(key.GetPointer(sizeof(Key)), &newKey, sizeof(Key));
}


01109 void PTEACypher::GetKey(Key & newKey) const
{
  memcpy(&newKey, key, sizeof(Key));
}


01115 void PTEACypher::GenerateKey(Key & newKey)
{
  static PRandom rand; //=1 // Explicitly set seed if need known random sequence
  for (size_t i = 0; i < sizeof(Key); i++)
    newKey.value[i] = (BYTE)rand;
}


static const DWORD TEADelta = 0x9e3779b9;    // Magic number for key schedule

01125 void PTEACypher::Initialise(BOOL)
{
  k0 = ((const PUInt32l *)(const BYTE *)key)[0];
  k1 = ((const PUInt32l *)(const BYTE *)key)[1];
  k2 = ((const PUInt32l *)(const BYTE *)key)[2];
  k3 = ((const PUInt32l *)(const BYTE *)key)[3];
}


01134 void PTEACypher::EncodeBlock(const void * in, void * out)
{
  DWORD y = ((PUInt32b*)in)[0];
  DWORD z = ((PUInt32b*)in)[1];
  DWORD sum = 0;
  for (PINDEX count = 32; count > 0; count--) {
    sum += TEADelta;    // Magic number for key schedule
    y += (z<<4)+k0 ^ z+sum ^ (z>>5)+k1;
    z += (y<<4)+k2 ^ y+sum ^ (y>>5)+k3;   /* end cycle */
  }
  ((PUInt32b*)out)[0] = y;
  ((PUInt32b*)out)[1] = z;
}


01149 void PTEACypher::DecodeBlock(const void * in, void * out)
{
  DWORD y = ((PUInt32b*)in)[0];
  DWORD z = ((PUInt32b*)in)[1];
  DWORD sum = TEADelta<<5;
  for (PINDEX count = 32; count > 0; count--) {
    z -= (y<<4)+k2 ^ y+sum ^ (y>>5)+k3; 
    y -= (z<<4)+k0 ^ z+sum ^ (z>>5)+k1;
    sum -= TEADelta;    // Magic number for key schedule
  }
  ((PUInt32b*)out)[0] = y;
  ((PUInt32b*)out)[1] = z;
}


///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// PSecureConfig

#ifdef P_CONFIG_FILE

static const char DefaultSecuredOptions[] = "Secured Options";
static const char DefaultSecurityKey[] = "Validation";
static const char DefaultExpiryDateKey[] = "Expiry Date";
static const char DefaultOptionBitsKey[] = "Option Bits";
static const char DefaultPendingPrefix[] = "Pending:";

PSecureConfig::PSecureConfig(const PTEACypher::Key & prodKey,
                             const PStringArray & secKeys,
                             Source src)
  : PConfig(PString(DefaultSecuredOptions), src),
    securedKeys(secKeys),
    securityKey(DefaultSecurityKey),
    expiryDateKey(DefaultExpiryDateKey),
    optionBitsKey(DefaultOptionBitsKey),
    pendingPrefix(DefaultPendingPrefix)
{
  productKey = prodKey;
}


PSecureConfig::PSecureConfig(const PTEACypher::Key & prodKey,
                             const char * const * secKeys,
                             PINDEX count,
                             Source src)
  : PConfig(PString(DefaultSecuredOptions), src),
    securedKeys(count, secKeys),
    securityKey(DefaultSecurityKey),
    expiryDateKey(DefaultExpiryDateKey),
    optionBitsKey(DefaultOptionBitsKey),
    pendingPrefix(DefaultPendingPrefix)
{
  productKey = prodKey;
}


void PSecureConfig::GetProductKey(PTEACypher::Key & prodKey) const
{
  prodKey = productKey;
}


PSecureConfig::ValidationState PSecureConfig::GetValidation() const
{
  PString str;
  BOOL allEmpty = TRUE;
  PMessageDigest5 digestor;
  for (PINDEX i = 0; i < securedKeys.GetSize(); i++) {
    str = GetString(securedKeys[i]);
    if (!str.IsEmpty()) {
      digestor.Process(str.Trim());
      allEmpty = FALSE;
    }
  }
  str = GetString(expiryDateKey);
  if (!str.IsEmpty()) {
    digestor.Process(str);
    allEmpty = FALSE;
  }
  str = GetString(optionBitsKey);
  if (!str.IsEmpty()) {
    digestor.Process(str);
    allEmpty = FALSE;
  }

  PString vkey = GetString(securityKey);
  if (allEmpty)
    return (!vkey || GetBoolean(pendingPrefix + securityKey)) ? Pending : Defaults;

  PMessageDigest5::Code code;
  digestor.Complete(code);

  if (vkey.IsEmpty())
    return Invalid;

  BYTE info[sizeof(code)+1+sizeof(DWORD)];
  PTEACypher crypt(productKey);
  if (crypt.Decode(vkey, info, sizeof(info)) != sizeof(info))
    return Invalid;

  if (memcmp(info, &code, sizeof(code)) != 0)
    return Invalid;

  PTime now;
  if (now > GetTime(expiryDateKey))
    return Expired;

  return IsValid;
}


BOOL PSecureConfig::ValidatePending()
{
  if (GetValidation() != Pending)
    return FALSE;

  PString vkey = GetString(securityKey);
  if (vkey.IsEmpty())
    return TRUE;

  PMessageDigest5::Code code;
  BYTE info[sizeof(code)+1+sizeof(DWORD)];
  PTEACypher crypt(productKey);
  if (crypt.Decode(vkey, info, sizeof(info)) != sizeof(info))
    return FALSE;

  PTime expiryDate(0, 0, 0,
            1, info[sizeof(code)]&15, (info[sizeof(code)]>>4)+1996, PTime::GMT);
  PString expiry = expiryDate.AsString("d MMME yyyy", PTime::GMT);

  // This is for alignment problems on processors that care about such things
  PUInt32b opt;
  void * dst = &opt;
  void * src = &info[sizeof(code)+1];
  memcpy(dst, src, sizeof(opt));
  PString options(PString::Unsigned, (DWORD)opt);

  PMessageDigest5 digestor;
  PINDEX i;
  for (i = 0; i < securedKeys.GetSize(); i++)
    digestor.Process(GetString(pendingPrefix + securedKeys[i]).Trim());
  digestor.Process(expiry);
  digestor.Process(options);
  digestor.Complete(code);

  if (memcmp(info, &code, sizeof(code)) != 0)
    return FALSE;

  SetString(expiryDateKey, expiry);
  SetString(optionBitsKey, options);

  for (i = 0; i < securedKeys.GetSize(); i++) {
    PString str = GetString(pendingPrefix + securedKeys[i]);
    if (!str.IsEmpty())
      SetString(securedKeys[i], str);
    DeleteKey(pendingPrefix + securedKeys[i]);
  }
  DeleteKey(pendingPrefix + securityKey);

  return TRUE;
}


void PSecureConfig::ResetPending()
{
  if (GetBoolean(pendingPrefix + securityKey)) {
    for (PINDEX i = 0; i < securedKeys.GetSize(); i++)
      DeleteKey(securedKeys[i]);
  }
  else {
    SetBoolean(pendingPrefix + securityKey, TRUE);

    for (PINDEX i = 0; i < securedKeys.GetSize(); i++) {
      PString str = GetString(securedKeys[i]);
      if (!str.IsEmpty())
        SetString(pendingPrefix + securedKeys[i], str);
      DeleteKey(securedKeys[i]);
    }
  }
  DeleteKey(expiryDateKey);
  DeleteKey(optionBitsKey);
}

#endif // P_CONFIG_FILE

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

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